What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a complex disease that causes gradual diminution of the peripheral vision over the course of many years. Glaucoma occurs when excess fluid builds up in the front part of the eye, which can damage the optic nerve. Left untreated, glaucoma can cause blindness. According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness for people over the age of 60. The key to managing glaucoma is early diagnosis and treatment. The eye pressure, optic nerve appearance, and thickness of the optic nerve fiber play an important role in the progression of glaucoma.